Module 5: Equilibrium and Acid Reactions5.1 Static and Dynamic Equilibrium5 Topics
5.2 Factors that Affect Equilibrium2 Topics
5.3 Calculating the Equilibrium Constant2 Topics
5.4 Solution Equilibria
Module 6: Acid/Base Reactions6.1 Properties of Acids and Bases7 Topics
6.2 Using Brønsted–Lowry Theory2 Topics
6.3 Quantitative Analysis1 Topic
Module 7: Organic Chemistry7.1 Nomenclature2 Topics
7.2 Hydrocarbons2 Topics
7.3 Products of Reactions Involving Hydrocarbons
7.4 Alcohols1 Topic
7.5 Reactions of Organic Acids and Bases
7.6 Polymers2 Topics
Module 8: Applying Chemical Ideas8.1 Analysis of Inorganic Substances3 Topics
8.2 Analysis of Organic Substances
8.3 Chemical Synthesis and Design
Working ScientificallyWorking Scientifically Overview1 Topic
- EduKits Education
Steps for Naming Organic Substances
The following steps are critical to accurately naming a variety of organic substances required by the syllabus.
- IDENTIFY PARENT CHAIN
(longest continuous carbon chain)*
*if multiple options of equal length, select for smallest branching
- IDENTIFY MAIN FN. GROUP
Use below hierarchy (if multiple).
No fn. group = alkane.
–> YOUR SUFFIX
- IDENTIFY SUBSTITUENTS
–> YOUR PREFIXES
- DOUBLE/TRIPLE BONDS?
Change ‘an’ –> ‘en’/’yn’ in parent prefix.
(e.g. ethanol –> ethenol)
- MULTIPLE SAME SUBSTITUENTS?
Add di/tri/tetra prefixes.*
*no effect on alphabetical order
- NUMBER CARBON CHAIN
Give parent fn. group lowest #.
If you have: alkanes, alkyl groups, halogens
>> number from end closest to a substituent
- ADD LOCANT NUMBERS
For every single substituent.
Hyphens (-) go between letters and numbers. Commas separate numbers. There are no spaces in names, except for carboxylic acids.
Functional Group Hierarchy
i.e., the order of precedence of groups
- Carboxylic acids
- Carboxylic acid derivatives
- Acid Halides
- Alkynes, Alkenes
*Note that alkanes do not have a functional group. However, they have been placed in this list for convenience.