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HSC Chemistry

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  1. Module 5: Equilibrium and Acid Reactions
    5.1 Static and Dynamic Equilibrium
    5 Topics
  2. 5.2 Factors that Affect Equilibrium
    2 Topics
  3. 5.3 Calculating the Equilibrium Constant
    2 Topics
  4. 5.4 Solution Equilibria
  5. Module 6: Acid/Base Reactions
    6.1 Properties of Acids and Bases
    7 Topics
  6. 6.2 Using Brønsted–Lowry Theory
    2 Topics
  7. 6.3 Quantitative Analysis
    1 Topic
  8. Module 7: Organic Chemistry
    7.1 Nomenclature
    2 Topics
  9. 7.2 Hydrocarbons
    2 Topics
  10. 7.3 Products of Reactions Involving Hydrocarbons
  11. 7.4 Alcohols
    1 Topic
  12. 7.5 Reactions of Organic Acids and Bases
  13. 7.6 Polymers
    2 Topics
  14. Module 8: Applying Chemical Ideas
    8.1 Analysis of Inorganic Substances
    3 Topics
  15. 8.2 Analysis of Organic Substances
  16. 8.3 Chemical Synthesis and Design
  17. Working Scientifically
    Working Scientifically Overview
    1 Topic

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Lesson 5, Topic 7
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Naming Acids and Bases

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  • Binary Acid – Hydrogen and a non-metal.
  • Oxyacid – Oxygen, hydrogen and at least one other element.

Binary Acids

Common example: hydrochloric acid.

hydro + [anion root name] + ic acid

Oxyacids

Common example: sulfuric acid

[oxyanion root] + [acid suffix]

  1. hypo- … -ite –> hypo- … -ous
  2. -ite –> -ous
  3. -ate –> – ic
  4. per- … -ate –> per- … -ic
ElementRoot Name
Nitrogen (N)Nitr
Phosphorous (P)Phosph
Oxygen (O)Ox
Iodine (I)Iod
Fluorine (F)Fluor
Chlorine (Cl)Chlor
Bromine (Br)Brom
Sulfur (S)Sulf
Hydrogen (H)Hydr
Carbon (C)Carb
Chromium (Cr)Chrom
Manganese (Mn)Mangan
Useful table of root names for common elements.