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HSC Physics

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  1. Module 1: Kinematics
    1.1 Motion in a Straight Line
  2. 1.2 Motion on a Plane
  3. Module 2: Dynamics
    2.1 Forces
  4. 2.2 Forces, Acceleration and Energy
  5. 2.3 Momentum, Energy and Simple Systems
  6. Module 3: Waves and Thermodynamics
    3.1 Wave Properties
  7. 3.2 Wave Behaviour
  8. 3.3 Sound Waves
  9. 3.4 Ray Model of Light
  10. 3.5 Thermodynamics
  11. Module 4: Electricity and Magnetism
    4.1 Electrostatics
  12. 4.2 Electric Circuits
  13. 4.3 Magnetism
  14. Module 5: Advanced Mechanics
    5.1 Projectile Motion
  15. 5.2 Circular Motion
  16. 5.3 Motion in Gravitational Fields
    2 Topics
  17. Module 6: Electromagnetism
    6.1 Charged Particles, Conductors and Electric and Magnetic Fields
  18. 6.2 The Motor Effect
    1 Topic
  19. 6.3 Electromagnetic Induction
  20. 6.4 Applications of the Motor Effect
    1 Topic
  21. Module 7: The Nature of Light
    7.1 Electromagnetic Spectrum
    3 Topics
  22. 7.2 Light: Wave Model
  23. 7.3 Light: Quantum Model
    2 Topics
  24. 7.4 Light and Special Relativity
  25. Module 8: From the Universe to the Atom
    8.1 Origins of the Elements
    5 Topics
  26. 8.2 Structure of the Atom
    3 Topics
  27. 8.3 Quantum Mechanical Nature of the Atom
    2 Topics
  28. 8.4 Properties of the Nucleus
    2 Topics
  29. 8.5 Deep Inside the Atom
    4 Topics
Lesson 25, Topic 3
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The Big Bang Theory

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Overview

The Big Bang was a massive release of energy which marked the beginning of our universe.

  • The universe began extremely hot; it is now cooling.
  • It was initially compressed to a singularity, a one-dimensional point with zero volume; it is now expanding.
  • Pure energy transformed into simple, fundamental particles before finally producing complex particles as temperatures decreased.
  • Gravity brought particles together to produce the matter we know today.

Formation of Matter, Stars, Galaxies

  • First particles:
    • Fundamental Particles – leptons, neutrinos, quarks
    • Zero Mass Particles – gluons, photons, etc.
  • Matter + Antimatter –> Annihilation + Energy Release
    • Small matter excess = our universe today (1B + vs 1B + 1 ish)
    • Annihilation –> Lumpiness / random empty space
  • Matter clouds drawn together (by gravity)
    • Spin, thx centripetal force
    • Flattening of clouds
    • Eventual star formation